De RK kerk, de Genda Shigyō Papiermakerij en de Staffelter Hof zijn alle meer dan duizend jaar oude organisaties. Wat is hun geheim?
Instituten waren en zijn essentieel voor het functioneren van de menselijke beschaving. Het waren kloosters die als centra van kennis de Europeanen door de donkere Middeleeuwen loodsten. Willen we een toekomstige periode van barbarij enigszins heelhuids doorkomen, dan is het nuttig om een organisatie achter de hand te hebben die duizenden jaren kan blijven functioneren zonder dat deze uiteenvalt. En voor de Long Now Clock, die zo’n tienduizend jaar lang de tijd aangeeft, is het natuurlijk wel handig als er generaties van klokkenmakers zijn die de klok netjes onderhouden. Bijvoorbeeld, omdat ze deel uit maken van een duizend jaar oude organisatie.
Duizend jaar oude organisaties
Dit verklaart de interesse van de Long Now Foundation voor de geheimen van meer dan duizend jaar oude organisaties. Zouden we net als Hari Seldon in de Foundation-SF reeks van Isaac Asimov, een organisatie op kunnen richten die over het voortbestaan van de aarde en de mensheid waakt? Die als een soort modern klooster de kennis van nu beschermen tegen verlies, zonder uit elkaar te vallen?
Uit het eerste onderzoek van de Foundation blijken al enkele gemeenschappelijke patronen. Zo zijn de organisaties vrijwel altijd klein. Er werken niet meer dan driehonderd mensen. Vaak richten ze zich op een niche-activiteit, dikwijls het produceren van alcoholische dranken als wijn of whiskey. Tradities spelen een belangrijke rol en vormen de voornaamste bestaansreden van de organisatie. Winst maken is vooral nodig om te overleven.
In onderstaande lange verkenning gaat de Long Now Foundation dieper in op deze vraag.
The Club of Rome report came out about half a century ago. What if we had listened then? The visionary book Eldorica by the late Jurriaan Andriessen (1951-1991) explores the possibilities.
Consumer society: cheap is expensive
Not only do we consume much more now than, say, a century ago. The stuff we use also lasts much shorter. Compare something as simple as scissors. Good tailor's scissors, from the Swiss brand Victorinox, for example, cost around forty euros, but with careful maintenance, will last a lifetime. A pair of scissors from a Chinese manufacturer that works with razor-thin margins and underpaid employees costs around two euros at the hedge fund firm Action. This may last a few weeks with intensive use.
There may be three times as much raw material in Victorinox scissors as in Action scissors, but this is negligible compared to the raw material in the hundreds of Chinese tailor scissors. What if we bought these quality scissors right away and avoid the clutter of the Action? That would save a lot of environmental pollution, unnecessary work and energy. This is exactly the rationale behind the late Jurriaan Brouwer's utopian society Eldorica.
Eldorica: a luxury car for everyone
In the Netherlands, 400,000 new cars are sold per year, with an average of around 35,000 euros each. These last an average of twenty years. But what if each of these new cars lasted a hundred years, for example because their build quality is five times better? Then we could spend five times as much on this car. In other words, a luxury Rolls Royce or Tesla for everyone. Or, a much lower amount, so that we would have to work less.
Fitness center? No, generate energy yourself
Eldorica is not for lazy people, although you would say that at first glance with a four-hour working week. Because you generate the energy for your household appliances yourself. The exercise bike in Eldorica is there to power your TV set, radio and music system. Our body can generate about two hundred watts of power. So an hour or two of cycling and swinging provides enough energy for an evening of watching TV (Eldorica dates back to before the advent of the personal computer). Everything that can be done by hand is manually operated. That also saves electricity. Cars are only available for longer journeys. There is a covered bicycle for rides up to five kilometers. Aircraft and oil tankers do not occur in Eldorica. Instead, Andriessen imagined zeppelins and computer-controlled sailing ships.
Could Eldorica be possible?
In short: yes, if we had a meritocratic and technocratic administration, without incompetent and lying politicians. Admittedly, with a few adjustments - for example, the temporary use of nuclear energy to lay the foundation for a sustainable energy supply cannot be avoided, and solar panels are more practical than his exercise bike power station. And he didn't think about anything as prosaic as heating houses. Or healthcare.
Capitalism will also have to be replaced by a form of managed economy. Eldorica's economic system can be seen as one of a kind luxury techno communism. It is not without reason that Jurriaan Andriessen strongly emphasized a computer-controlled (cybernetic) form of governance.
Unfortunately we can no longer ask Jurriaan himself. He died in a tragic accident in a swimming pool in 1991 at the age of 39. The Jurriaan Andriessen foundation was established in memory. His book Eldorica, a travelogue to a better world (ISBN: 9789027424846) is unfortunately no longer in print, but is still available second-hand. There are also PDF scans of the book in circulation.
If the Earth isn't enough, don't we just build a second Earth around it? Discover a craft project for megalomaniac souls in the distant future: the matryoshka world.
Almost everyone knows the matryoshkas (Russian for grandmother), the well-known Russian dolls, in which a large doll contains smaller and smaller dolls. But what if you did that with our increasingly overpopulated planet? So, say, packing the earth in hollow shells? The Futurologist Isaac Arthur worked out this concept a video.
This concept only becomes interesting when the human population becomes enormously large. We are talking about flats that span the earth, a metropolis the size of a planet. But even on our huge Earth, there is only limited space. Where do you leave all those people when you have really cultivated every square meter of earth? The answer: the matryoshka world. In this way we can, if necessary, build dozens of “extra earths” around the earth.
A clear advantage is that we would then multiply the surface of the earth, and thus be able to house many more people than on the earth now.
Matryoshka World: Many worlds with one source of gravity
Is it smart? It solves one problem. The earth within the matryoshka shells provides gravity. So much gravity, in fact, that we no longer need to generate artificial gravity. But how do we keep this enormous construction in the air? Two effects help us. First: the net gravity on one hollow shell around the earth is zero. Second, dynamic structures. You can keep an object in the air with a stream of projectiles. Even if the weight is greater than all known materials can support.
In return we get a number of annoying problems. So we have the huge amount waste heat discharge. And if the power, or what kind of power-carrying medium there will be in the future, goes out? Then there is probably little that can be saved. A disaster that overshadows everything that man has experienced so far. Then the matryoshka world turns into a planet-sized cemetery.
If you can ignore nonsensical rules such as the Building Decree, an explosion of creativity will arise. Get acquainted here with the spirit products of ten inventors, who explore the concept of mini houses to the very extreme.
Not every design will appeal to everyone. But after watching this video, your understanding of what a habitable house means, probably a lot extensively. The emphasis in the video is on round shapes. Because where in nature do you come across boxes of blocks?
Abod Shelter mini houses
The Abod design by Abod Shelters is very suitable for refugees in tropical areas. For an amount under five thousand euros, a family can find shelter in a full-fledged, small house.
The design, from Abod Shelter in South Africa, is versatile and can also be combined with other houses in larger units. Both for shelter, as for clinics and workshops. Because the design consists of light corrugated sheets, it is easy to transport. You can load an entire village on a truck. That also happens regularly. The design is in reasonable demand, even in Tanzania and Ghana.
The nice thing about this design is that it lasts a long time and is maintenance-free. Construction can be carried out by fairly clever unskilled workers. So if you have a ton in the bank and you want to improve your inky karma, this is the solution.
The disadvantage of this design is the noise, when a heavy tropical monsoon rain beats the corrugated iron. This may be solved with a thatched roof. Although that is a source of vermin in the tropics.
The thermal insulation is of course also quite sparse, but that is usually less of a problem in the tropical belt in Africa. The white lacquer prevents overheating in the blazing sun. 
Nuclear power is widely known for being dangerous, scary and an environmental disaster. This makes a nuclear power plant the ideal human horror. The best invention ever to protect nature.
Beautiful nature around Chernobyl
In 1982 the Soviet nuclear power plant exploded in the village Chernobyl (Ukraine). Close to the now ghost town of Pripyat. An outdated design, together with the engineers' great appetite for adventure, led to a meltdown of this old reactor. This turned into a huge tragedy, as a result of which radioactive fallout contaminated a large part of Europe. For example, dozens of cleaners died in a miserable way, from cancer and other radiation-related diseases. With the Western designs of the time, and certainly with the much improved designs of today, this disaster would not have been possible. Nevertheless, we can conclude that “Chernobyl” has been a great benefit to nature as a whole. No less than 2,800 square kilometers is now a beautiful nature reserve, where few people come.
Nuclear power plant as the ultimate human horror
Real estate owners are currently ravaging nature reserves such as the Hoge Veluwe. Campsites are rapidly becoming petrified and there is an uncontrollable outbreak of increasingly luxurious holiday homes. Municipalities want to stop them, but with endless objection procedures, supported by top lawyers, the project developers get their way time and again.
But what if there is a beautiful, atmospheric nuclear power plant in the middle of beautiful nature? Preferably one that occasionally releases some puffs of scary radioactivity when the project developers become too annoying. Of course you will discuss this extensively in the newspapers and on television, preferably with a sniffling Bewogen Famous Dutchman. And, of course, the harmful effects of radioactivity on sexual potency and skin quality. And look there. Illegal mushroom harvesting is suddenly no longer a problem. Because mushrooms accumulate radioactive substances. Poulterers give you a Geiger counter as a gift, so that they can test every piece of game on offer for radioactivity. That also destroys the market for poachers.
You understand that no one wants a holiday home near that scary thing anymore. Project developers will no longer lose their luxurious, tasteful forest villas for men with golden Rolexes on the paving stones. There the endangered badgers and beavers live, attractively surrounded by whistling wren and fluttering, endangered butterflies.
Member of Parliament Pia Dijkstra of the D66 party comes with a proposal to improve the sustainability of public finances. Give anyone over 75 a suicide pill, the Drion pill. Is this a good plan?
What is the Pill of Drion?
In 1991, legal scholar Huib Drion (1917-2004) proposed in an opinion article  that a suicide pill should be made available to all elderly people over 75 years old who requested it. This pill had to consist of two preparations: pill A and pill B. Only the combination of these two preparations would have a lethal effect. Preparation B should then be taken a few days after preparation A to allow the suicide to reconsider. This idea caused quite a stir and became the proverbial Pill of Drion.
Bill Completed Life in broad outlines
To be eligible, someone must be 75 or older;
These are people who do not qualify for euthanasia, but who do consider their lives complete;
These people first have a conversation with an end-of-life counselor;
There must be at least two meetings with the end-of-life counselor and there must be at least two months in between;
The end-of-life counselor is a doctor, nurse or psychiatrist who has completed a special head study to become an end-of-life counselor;
The life counselor must check whether the death wish is authentic and consistent, and whether other solutions are possible;
If the end-of-life counselor agrees, a date of death will be agreed;
The end-of-life counselor collects the lethal substance from the pharmacy, keeps it at home, administers it on the agreed date, stays with it until the client is dead and returns any remainder to the pharmacy;
An assessment committee checks whether everything has gone according to the rules. 
Benefits of Drion Pill
Proponents of the Pill of Drion cite arguments such as: if an elder feels that his life is no longer meaningful, he should be able to end his life in a painless way, because suicide is a human right.
Unspoken arguments are, for example: the elderly are expensive. They don't work, they eat our pension pot, make disproportionate demands on healthcare and to make matters worse, they exacerbate the housing shortage and vote more often than average for populist parties. They poison young, impressionable people with “wrong” ideas such as nationalism, religion and traditional festivals. Every year of life of an elderly person costs society tens of thousands of euros in pension and care, which can be more usefully spent on, for example, redundancy schemes for politicians and contributions to the European Union. Suppose that every older person over the age of 75 took the Pill of Drion, that would mean 1.4 million fewer AOW benefits, hundreds of thousands of empty houses and, if every older person over 65 took this pill, half the health care costs [2 ]. And think of the inheritance tax. Enough to keep even the most insane election promises and to spice up the European Union. At least, for a while. It is also remarkable that the discussion about the Pill of Drion flares up especially in times of economic hardship. For example, in 1991 the Dutch economy showed signs of cooling down and in 1993 there was a slight dip.
Some proponents, such as , the D66 proposal does not go far enough. They want everyone to have access to this “miracle pill”, including people under 75. Can Drion's “humane” Pill save our public finances?
Disadvantages of Drion's Pill
The main drawback of the Pill of Drion is that it makes it so much easier to kill without leaving a trace. A murder with this suicide pill can then seem like a suicide by a murderer. A forensic anatomist cannot distinguish between murder and suicide. Also, spreading deadly poisons among the population means that murder weapons are always close by. Every drink can contain a deadly poison. Not a pleasant thought.
In the D66 proposal, this disadvantage has been overcome by placing the professional “end-of-life counselor” as an independent third party. This makes the job more difficult for killers. However, murders by “end-of-life counselors” and psychological murders, in which wealthy older people are told that their lives are over and it is okay if they die, remain possible.
A second drawback is the drawback of euthanasia in general. It is a great violation of the dignity of human life.
Why do the elderly want to die?
A healthy person enjoys life. This also applies to almost all healthy elderly people. Reasons for no longer wanting to live for healthy elderly people are a feeling of loneliness, hopelessness or uselessness. As with young people, loneliness is a major problem among the elderly. We humans are a social animal species and contacts with young people are very important for the elderly. The elderly are the living memory of humanity and also ensure the transfer of culture. It is true that a transfer of culture that is in conflict with the “makeable society” so beloved by D66, but still: a transfer of culture.
Conclusion: the Pill of Drion is an unfortunate idea. There are plenty of useful things healthy seniors can do when they feel useless. The late Drion himself has also done many useful things after his retirement. Instead of glorifying death and seeing the elderly as a burden, we need to develop medical devices and medicines that help older people stay healthy longer (preferably: stop or reverse the aging process) and involve them more in society. There are reasons why older people are less involved with fashionable theories. Often, not always, these are very good reasons. Their life-based criticism can help put things in perspective and develop better concepts.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, communism has been languishing. Almost all nominally communist countries, such as Vietnam, Cuba and the People's Republic of China, have become capitalist autocracies or have made room for capitalist initiatives. In short, the defeat of communism seems utterly and definitively, the domain of radicalinsky, forever banished to the scrap heap of history. Is that the role of communism over? On the contrary, says Aaron Bastani, the author of the book Fully Automated Luxury Communism: A Manifesto.
Communism without workers
Central to the book is the idea that in the future all human work will be taken over by robots, because robots will be able to do everything better and faster than humans. In doing so, he continues the trend that has been going on for decades: the exponential increase in the computing power of computers and the abundant availability of energy and raw materials is reducing the value of raw materials, energy and labor to zero. And with this the cost price.
Life is getting cheaper because of this technological deflation. It is true that there is less and less work, but there is more and more prosperity in an absolute sense. Until now, labor has been the primary means of redistributing wealth. Most people have a job. For this they are paid from the profits that entrepreneurs make or from the taxes paid by entrepreneurs. But what if there are no more jobs soon? Bioj example in 2029, when 1000 euros worth of computers can process more information than the human brain? Then the main redistribution mechanism, wages, disappears. The solution, according to Bastani, is a redistribution of production resources. In other words, phase 5 communism, the classless society in Marxism without phase 4, the dictatorship of the proletariat, having taken place.
The Five Phases of Society According to Marxism
In his book Capital (1867) nineteenth-century German writer and philosopher Karl Marx analyzed the relationship between technology, capital and society. He distinguished five phases in the development of humanity. These are:
1. Hunter-gatherer societies, such as today's Khoisan. These, Marx argued, had a form of communism for a practical reason. In a wandering existence you can never have more than you can carry on your back.
2. Feudal societies. With the advent of agriculture, it became possible to accumulate wealth and gather armies. In doing so, the ruling class, the nobility, extort peasants and craftsmen through their army, so that they could appropriate the profits. When Marxist-Leninists or Maoists talk about "feudal", they are referring to this type of society. We see a revival of feudal society in societies controlled by the mafia and gangs.
3. Capitalist societies. With the advent of free cities (and before, with trade-based city-states such as Carthage, but they did not fit Marx's “iron historical laws”) and factories, labor becomes a factor independent of land and nobility. In addition to the nobility, a class of well-to-do citizens, the "bourgeois", emerges, employing the "proletariat", the workers, paying meager wages and reinvesting the profits to become even richer. According to Marxism, Western countries are in this phase.
4. Dictatorship of the proletariat. Marx dreamed of a seizure of power by the proletariat, which would lead to an egalitarian society. The proletariat would do this without respect for the bourgeois, in other words a dictatorship of the proletariat would arise. The means of production fall into the hands of the state. This communist ideal was more or less realized at the expense of bloodshed in the former Soviet Union and countries like Cuba and China.
5. Communist society. At some point, machines become so productive that they can produce everything for next to nothing. Anyone can now live a luxury life without having to work. Because the means of production are in the hands of the state, no one is exploited anymore and everyone can share fairly. This ideal has not been achieved in any country, with the possible exception of oil states (temporarily and only for their own population).
As we know a century and a half later, the practice turned out to be unruly. While his economic analysis was broadly correct, he lacked a macchiavellian assessment of human nature in his ideal society (for example, he did not foresee the emergence of the "red nobility" of corrupt party officials and inefficiencies in the planning process) and underestimated nationalism. huge.
The five great crises
According to Aaron Bastani, capitalism has survived fairly unscathed over the past two centuries, but is now facing an existential crisis, due to five developments coming our way simultaneously. These are: climate change, scarcity of resources such as energy, water and raw materials, an aging population, a growing number of “useless” people, called “unnecesarial” by Bastani and, the biggest threat, a new era of machines that will completely replace the production factor of labor by machines, ie capital. Capital that is increasingly unevenly distributed. In countries like the US and the UK, dozens of people have barely enough money in their bank account to survive a month. And a large group of people who have nothing to lose is not conducive to stability.
The choice of poverty for most ...
Capitalism basically performs two tasks: increasing wealth (through efficient production techniques) and redistributing wealth (through wages). Where increasing wealth is increasingly successful, this does not apply to redistribution. After all, work is becoming less and less important. The logical end result will be a world in which a small group of empires own almost everything from asteroid mines that will wipe out Earth's mines with their massive production, to fleets of solar-powered satellites and a monopoly on medical technology for life extension, for example. And the rest of humanity? The least unfavorable outcome is that they will live in tightly ruled slums, with the food coming from 3D printers. After all, this is the most CO2 neutral solution. A world that is very similar to that sketched in the science-fiction film Elysium. More likely that is like all bargaining power of the population will disappear, the world population will be reduced to 500 million people in a completely painless and hygienic way, as the Georgia Guidestones recommend. After all, that is the most efficient and most profitable solution.
Or for luxury communism
The alternative, says Bastani, is that while we still can, we opt for luxury communism. In other words: distributing the production factors among the population. Asteroids, for example, are not owned by one person or land, but by all of humanity under the Space Treaty. You can also question the privatization of intellectual property. With blanket patents, technical progress in an entire sector can be halted. So viewed in this way, luxury communism is the most logical and also most humane solution. To achieve luxury communism, according to Bastani, and also Visionair.nl, we must opt for enlightened populism. Populism, so denounced by the “progressive” elite, is the only ideology that puts the interests of the population first. And that can save us from an existence like Elysium, where one genetically enhanced upper class lives in mind-boggling luxury and the remaining 99% in dire conditions.
The Dutch Council for Public Health recommends that the government first vaccinate the elderly and other people with a weak immune system against the covid-19 causing SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Is that sensible? No, says a physicist who made an epidemiological analysis. Is it better to vaccinate the (generally very healthy) superspreaders first, no matter how unethical it sounds?
Spread of SARS-CoV-2 mainly through superspreaders and in superspreading events
Massive outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 mainly occurred at indoor mass gatherings . Infamous cases included auditions of choirs, church services, Friday prayers in mosques, nightclubs, slaughterhouses, indoor parties and political gatherings. Or in nursing homes with vulnerable people. Often times, this epidemic started in one infected person who attended several such occasions: the superspreader. For example, a South Korean infected woman infected dozens of people in both a hospital and a church service .
Extinguish the curve: why the superspreaders should be tackled
Humanity is better off without the SARS-CoV-2 virus and other viruses that thrive on humans. A vaccine, certainly one in rapid succession, so relatively poorly tested for side effects as is now being marketed by the pharmaceutical companies Pfizer and Moderna, is a rather drastic way of eliminating this virus worldwide. If there are other, less invasive methods to get the transmission rate R well below 1 (ie to ensure that less than 1 person is infected per infected person, so that the epidemic will die out), these are preferable. Preventing superspreading events, such as banning all large gatherings indoors, is not a lot of fun, and a serious violation of the constitutional freedom of association, but it is effective. Another measure that would prove very successful is the vaccination of super spreaders. In the case of covid-19, these are people with a lot of social contacts, people who work with vulnerable groups (hospital staff and nursing homes) or people who work in covid-19 sensitive areas (such as slaughterhouses). For example, we get the epidemic under control much faster with a smaller amount of vaccines.
How do we track down the super spreaders?
Most people have a relatively small number of contacts. A small number of people have a huge number of contacts. Israeli physicist Shlomo Reuvin developed an effective way to track down these potential superspreaders: ask a large number of people who their acquaintances are. A small number of people turn up much more often than others. It is precisely these people who must first be vaccinated, says Reuvin, and not lonely elderly people. In his calculation models, a much smaller percentage of vaccinations already turned out to have an enormous effect: if most superspreaders are vaccinated, the epidemic appears to be a drastic decrease in R even with a low vaccinated percentage of the population, think of ten to twenty percent exhibit. With what we now know about the SARS-CoV-2 virus, we can vaccinate these super spreaders in a targeted manner. The 'indirect vaccination obligation', advocated within the VVD, is indeed an infringement of constitutional freedoms (physical integrity, in this case), but would in fact be extremely effective in stopping superspreading events.
The current forms of government, dating from the eighteenth century or earlier, such as autocracy, monarchy and democracy, have the greatest difficulty keeping up with the rapid technological changes.
What the form of government of the future will look like will depend to a very large extent on what the human of the future will look like and how the humanity of the future will be spread over real and virtual worlds. In this video Futurologist Isaac Arthur elaborates on this.
No visionary thinking without freedom
Visionary thinking requires total intellectual freedom. Every alternative must be weighed up, without others telling us how to think or how not to think. Freedom of thought is like oxygen for visionaries. We will never submit to censorship.
And certainly not censorship by Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg, who is complicit in the land grabbing of the illegally occupied Kingdom of Hawai'i.
No more freedom of speech on American social media
Unfortunately, we have to conclude that a misguided crusade against politically incorrect thinking is increasingly narrowing the intellectual debate. Zwarte Piet is wrong, “because” racist. Criticizing the rattling covid-19 policy of the Rutte regime, which is based on rattling advice from the RIVM - not hindered by any scientific insights - is wrong, “because” endangers public health. Criticism of honor-killing Sunnis is wrong, “because” “Islamophobia” is racist. The recent ban by Facebook on the folkloric figure Zwarte Piet was the last straw for us. We do not live in the United States, but in the Netherlands. The Usans, with their own pitch-black past of land grabbing of Hawaiians and the expulsion and murder of Native Americans, have no moral right whatsoever to dictate to us Dutch and Belgians how we celebrate a children's party.
Friendweb: the Dutch alternative to Facebook
Fortunately, there is now an alternative to the increasingly stifling American social media giants. Friendweb. Friendweb is still small, but it is growing fast. Friendweb is a Dutch-language alternative, without censorship. Setting up a competitor for a social networking site is not easy. It can be compared to setting up an alternative telephone network. Nevertheless, we believe that this initiative has a chance of success if we go for it with all freedom-loving Dutch speakers. It will not be our fault. We welcome you to Friendweb and of course to our group, https://friendweb.nl/visionair !