Emperor Vespasian banned machines because he believed they would lead to mass unemployment and thus famine among the Roman plebs. We now know that this is nonsense and that machines create the necessary jobs because they multiply productivity. But what if machines get better at precisely what people still excel: thinking? Even a hungry Vietnamese can no longer compete against a 3D printer that prints Adidas sports shoes. Will it be gloom and doom, or is the problem simply peak fantasy? In this PBS video an elaboration of the question.