voedsel

The future of meat

Forty percent of all land on the planet is used to raise livestock or produce fodder. Then you also have to consider that only a small part of all people on earth eat a lot of meat, but that meat consumption is increasing rapidly. This cannot continue like this.

To a large extent, the answer is: move away from animal proteins whenever possible. If we can grow artificial meat, it saves a lot of animal suffering and also a lot of scarce land. When a lot of agricultural land is no longer needed, our overburdened earth can also come to rest and more space is also released to live in new nature. The picture becomes even brighter if we can convert sunlight directly into food. Then a large part of the arable land is no longer needed.

Much research is being done on cultured meat in Wageningen, among others. Source: Wageningen University

One of the most promising research directions is in vitro meat. If we can extract stem cells from animals, an unlimited amount of meat can in principle be grown from them. We must then have stem cells of different types.

Also read:
First meat without slaughter in 2012
Breeding insects
Video: the future of food
Food from the chemical factory

Update – De Eetbare Bostuin

Edible woodland gardens are a popular part of it permaculture. By using different permaculture design principles, it is possible for anyone to design a forest full of edible and other beneficial plants.

Think of different layers of nut and fruit trees such as sweet chestnutswalnutsheart notes and Apple-, pear- and cherry trees. Below can be nut and fruit bushes such as hazel- and lambert nutsraspberriesblueberriesred and Black berries etc. In addition, edible climbers can grow in the trees, for example Japanese wineberryblackberryboysenberry or even one Siberian kiwi. Underneath or in clearings in the forest, vegetables, flowers and herbs can grow as spearmintwild garlic etc. And let's not forget the root vegetables like Jerusalem artichokes and yacon. And finally there are the bottom creepers such as strawberries and many members of the pumpkin family (Cucurbitaceae) that can crawl on the bottom.

The big advantage of an edible woodland garden is that all ecological niches are filled. As a result, the sun and the soil are optimally used by the different layers of useful plants and weeds are a much smaller problem. By growing different layers of food under each other, as in this system, the yield per square meter increases. Finally, with an edible forest garden you will have less maintenance in the long run because it is an ecosystem that is largely in balance, just like natural climax ecosystems. By cleverly applying permaculture design principles, you can create an edible forest with the resilience of a natural ecosystem. This benefits people and nature.

Here are two videos with guided tours through two edible woodland gardens. First, Martin Crawford with his Forest Garden. He has published an interesting book full of practical information about this with the title Creating a Forest Garden.

In addition, Robert Hart has one model for an Edible Woodland Garden established on approximately 500 square meters on his farm at Wenlock Edge in Shropshire, England. He indicates that this is just as possible in a normal city garden. He says, "My Woodland Garden Model is capable of allowing a family to enjoy predominantly self-growing and sustaining food for at least 7 months a year, and requires minimal care or processing." On this floor plan you can see how this woodland garden is arranged. In Forest Gardening with Robert Hart he explains the principles of the design of his woodland garden as he walks through it. An extensive book is partly based on this garden How to make a Forest Garden.

Ook in Nederland zijn er telkens meer initiatieven om particuliere maar ook publieke eetbare bostuinen aan te leggen.  Zo heeft www.foodforestry.nl zich hierin gespecialiseerd. Ze hebben in Nederland al een mooi aantal eetbare bostuinen weten helpen te ontwikkelen en aan te leggen. Moge er nog vele volgen.

Daarnaast hebben in Amsterdam een groep buurtbewoners het Sarphatipark onder handen genomen en een stuk eetbaarder gemaakt. In het bestaande park zijn o.a. notenbomen, fruitbomen en vele soorten fruitstruiken aangeplant. De photo report with short texts illustrate this nicely.

En bij voorkeur een fruit- of notenboom. :)

Is dit een welkome invulling van toekomstig openbaar groenbeheer van Nederland? Eetbare bostuinen in het beheer van de buurt die er het voordeel van hebben, ze kunnen genieten van de natuur en tegelijkertijd veel vers voedsel hieruit halen. Een win – win situatie voor de mens en de natuur door slim samen te werken aan de hand van de principes van permacultuur!

Bron van het artikel: Permaculture in the Netherlands

Related Information:
-) Website Food Forestry Nederland – www.foodforestry.nl

Related items:
-) Edible Netherlands; local, fresh and healthy food for everyone!
-) Gardening without private land
-) Healthy living soils
-) The herbal spiral
-) The easy vegetable garden
-) From lawn to vegetable garden
-) The neighborhood vegetable garden
-) The 10 benefits of community gardens
-) The edible woodland garden
-) Peer to peer seed and plant exchange network
-) Edible plants and mushrooms database
-) Permaculture, an introduction
-) Permaculture in the Dutch language area

(On the internet, readers have the power! They determine what information goes around the world! You may not be aware of it, but if each reader sends a link to 3 interested people, it only takes 20 steps to reach 3,486,784,401 people! Do you want to see that happen? Use your power! This piece may be freely taken over by anyone on websites, blogs, or to forward to family, friends, acquaintances, colleagues, etc. Even the more people who know this, the better. Please include the source so people can delve further into it if they want.)

Does this idea appeal to you? Then spread it especially among your friends, family, colleagues, etc!


Hamburger jobs are rapidly being taken over by robots

A legitimate complaint by left-wing critics of today's market economy is that once well-paid factory jobs were massively replaced by low-paid "burger jobs" - low-paid, unskilled jobs such as preparing burgers. And even the pitifully paid burger jobs are no longer safe. Several companies have developed fast food robots that produce tasty snacks for a fraction of the cost of even a burrito folder or pizza maker paid by American standards.

The burrito box prepares the well-known folded tortilla with cheese, rice and beans in a few minutes.

Box Brands, a California-based company, developed the BurritoBox to provide small kiosk operators and pump operators with an extra service to customers without having to invest in staff or a restaurant. The BurritoBox, two copies of which have now been posted in Los Angeles, is showing a commercial during the minute, which takes the device to roll a steaming hot burrito. According to the website of the makers, there is a lot of interest in the device.

The BurritoBox is far from unique. The days when coffee machines represented the pinnacle of technology are long in the past. There is, for example, a hamburger robot Alpha Momentum Machines that can deliver 360 burgers per hour. The device, which replaces at least five to six employees, pays for itself in a year. The owners want to put this amount saved into better ingredients so that, in their words, gourmet food becomes accessible to the masses.

The pizza baker is also not safe. Preparing pizzas is indeed quite easy to automate (there is even one 3D pizza printer developed). Developed by a Dutch-Italian joint venture Let's Pizza let the customer choose between various varieties and then knead the dough, form a pizza and cover it with the desired topping, after which the pizza is baked in an infrared oven. All this in less than three minutes. The machine is reportedly already a resounding success in Italy, the birthplace of pizza. For around 30,000 euros, the gross annual salary of a pizza baker, you are the proud owner of a copy.

This will happen with increasingly unskilled and, incidentally, many forms of skilled work. Clearly, the government's adage that unemployment is culpable is increasingly being overtaken by facts. Rather than constantly inventing new bullying for people on social security benefits, the government can do better work on retraining and further training for the unemployed and the introduction of a basic income.

Gardening without private land

Turn your outside wall into a garden.

Edible Netherlands and the Permaculture networks regularly raise the question of how people can garden if they do not have their own land. In this article an attempt at a solution.

Grow food in, on and around your home
Start as close to home as possible. It is most useful to grow food where you are, and if you have no soil of your own then think creatively. For example, start growing food in your own home. There are detailed instructions on how to do this window gardening in your own windowsill. And in addition to indoors, you may also be able to garden outside in places you had not thought of before. Can you for example start a garden on your balcony or on your roof? Or have you ever considered moving from make your exterior walls a garden? The more locally you can grow food, the easier it is. Also see the article: Gardening on flats and balconies from A to Z for indoors or outdoors.

Access to, and not possession of, is key
Suppose that people now behind their windows, on their outside walls and on their balconies and roofs and are already busy growing food, but still want to do more. Then remember that - possession of - is not important, but that - access to - is the key. There are a lot of people who have land but have no idea what to do with it. So you can see if there are people in the area with land that is not used and approach those people with the question if you can not make a deal with them, you want to grow food on their land and in exchange for access to their garden. for example, they get a certain part of the harvest. It may take some courage but it is purely a matter of bringing supply and demand together so take the plunge and ask. In Belgium, a website sharing gardens has been created especially for this purpose: www.tuindelen.be. In the Netherlands you can visit the website: www.spullendelen.nl or the facebook group gardens sharebut again simply taking the plunge and approaching people directly is by far the most effective. No you have and yes you can get as my wise parents always said. :)

Use public green space
If you already grow plenty of vegetables in your own home and have planted fruit trees and shrubs in your neighbor's yard and still want to do more, consider using the public green space nearby to grow food. You can do this legally by approaching the municipality and pointing them out the 10 benefits of community gardens:

1) Saving municipal costs
2) 'Pocket-sized parks'
3) Exercise
4) Improved diets
5) Food production
6) The urban ecosystem
7) Youth education
8) Cultural opportunities
9) The therapeutic effect of gardens
10) Crime prevention

Many municipalities will welcome you with open arms if you want to maintain a piece of public green space for yourself or with a group of people if you point out all these benefits to them. And you also kill 10 birds with one stone in addition to the fact that you now have the space to grow food in your own neighborhood. And take a look to be sure the network of Edible Netherlands because perhaps people in the neighborhood are already active in making local public green spaces edible. And also look up plukdestad.nl where you can find edible plants in public spaces, register them and possibly even start planting them yourself.

And if governments do not want to cooperate, you can always work even less legally in public green spaces. Crack a piece of land and / or enjoy Guerilla Gardening. In the Netherlands you will find tips on how and what about this on: www.guerrillagardeners.nl

Learn how to grow food through a volunteer organization
And finally there is the possibility to work with a farmer in the area. With the interenet, various organizations are now active that mediate between organic farmers and citizens, people can help in these places and learn how to grow healthy and fresh food and receive room and board in exchange for the work of four to five hours a day. of these people who help the farmer so much. Via WWOOF which stands for World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms (www.wwoof.net), HelpX (www.HelpX.net) and Workaway (www.workaway.info), you can work on many projects in the Netherlands, Europe and even the whole world.

If you really want to do something, you will find a way to do it. If you don't really want it, you'll find an excuse.

So much for the tips first, if people have any good tips themselves, let us know in the comments!

Related articles and information:
-) Source original article: www.PermacultuurNederland.org
-) Network Edible Netherlands has started
-) In the light of survival
-) Permaculture, an introduction
-) Edible villages and towns
-) Edible city, grow the revolution
-) Overview of the many benefits of community gardens
-) Community gardens for all of the Netherlands
-) Practical garden inspiration
-) Dirt! The Movie: The Importance of Healthy Soils 
-) Window gardening
-) The easy vegetable garden
-) The herbal spiral
-) Transformation of a lawn into a vegetable garden (photo series)
-) The edible woodland garden 
-) The neighborhood vegetable garden
-) A farm for the future
-) Farmers 2.0 - A circulatory system of organic matter
-) Introduction to permaculture design with Geoff Lawton
-) Permaculture Design Course with Bill Mollison and Geoff Lawton
-) Permaculture with Sepp Holzer
-) Permaculture, The Global Gardener with Bill Mollison
-) Edible green deserts with Permaculture
-) Green Gold - VPRO Backlight about permaculture
-) Permaculture Research Institute guided tour
-) Permaculture, examples and inspiration
-) Permaculture in the Netherlands and surroundings
-) Web of Life, Diversity is of vital importance
-) Overview of previous permaculture articles visionary
-) Edible plants and mushrooms database
-) Trade your own edible plants together
-) English Plants for a Future database
-) Practical Plant wiki

-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agricultural industry - Part I - Monsanto
-) Tros Radar - Pesticide and Bee Mortality
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agricultural industry - Part II-A - Bee mortality
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agro-industry - Part II-B - Bee mortality
-) Water bugs also fall victim to bee-killing pesticides
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agricultural industry - Part III - Dairy industry

Freely downloadable documents:
-) Permaculture, designing with nature (pdf)

(On the internet, readers have the power! They determine what information goes around the world! You may not be aware of it, but if each reader sends a link to 3 interested people, it only takes 20 steps to reach 3,486,784,401 people! Do you want to see that happen? Use your power! This piece may therefore be freely taken over by anyone on websites, blogs, or to forward to family, friends, acquaintances, colleagues, etc.). The more people would like to know this, the better. Please include the source so people can comment and / or join the discussion below if they wish.)

Cooperative Abundance Part I: Food

We live in an exciting time, some people say we are at the center of a paradigm shift. Others even claim that we are currently in nothing less than a Shift of Ages where 2012 was the tipping point and we have been in a situation for many hundreds of years where the positive or integrative energy is a bit larger than the negative, or segregative energy.

Suppose this is true and we move from the old era of competition, ownership, and scarcity based primarily on a new era in which cooperation, access, and abundance become the dominant paradigm. In this series of articles an exploration of how we can best shape this new paradigm.

The first theme is the basic theme below everyone's survival namely food. How can we set up our food production system in such a way that we grow fresh and healthy food in a way that respects people and the earth and so that everyone who wants to has the means to produce and consume food?

This article contains a number of initiatives that can teach people, among other things, which wild plants are edible, about picking and planting in public space, sharing land and vegetables and the platform of Edible Netherlands. And hopefully people here know additional initiatives and do they have ideas that fit this?

How do we shape the new paradigm of cooperation, access to and abundance for the theme of food?

What can we come up with together here to achieve a food supply based on cooperation, access to and abundance? What are the basic principles, what are the possibilities within the Netherlands, etc. Brainstorm for a future of healthy and abundant food for everyone.

Related Information:
-) The Food Hourglass - Everything about how you can live longer through a healthy diet
-) Platform Edible Netherlands - Local, fresh and healthy food for everyone
-) Edible Wild Plants (facebook group with more than 6500 members)
-) Pick the City - Planting and picking in public space
-) Garden areas - Share your land with others for optimal food production
-) Swap vegetables - Trade your abundance of production with people close to you
-) World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms - A global network where people can help out on organic farms to learn and receive room and board. For the farmer it is a nice way to transfer knowledge to a person who helps on the farm for 4 to 5 hours a day.

The future of food and seeds

In this reading of Vandana Shiva a glimpse into the world of today's multinationals such as Monsanto and Cargill and how they try to patent food and seeds in order to gain a monopoly over them. Vandana Shiva clearly explains how these companies have tried to implement this in India through, among other things, the WTO. At the moment these companies are also lobbying in the Netherlands and in Europe to achieve the same thing, which has largely been undone in India after major dramas.

The importance of free access to a great diversity of self-reproducing seeds is literally of vital importance. Why are companies that pose a direct threat to this at all still allowed to do business in the Netherlands? Especially when it is clear that these companies have been guilty of ecocide and genocide in the past?

Vandana Shiva explains everything calmly in this lecture. A must see for anyone with an interest in healthy food and a desire to survive.

What can we do in the Netherlands to maintain and protect our food safety and access to a wide variety of good seeds?

Related articles and information:
-) More videos from Vandana Shiva online
-) Website - navdanya.org
-) Web of Life, Diversity is of vital importance
-) Network Edible Netherlands has started
-) Make the Netherlands edible!
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agricultural industry - Part I - Monsanto
-) Tros Radar - Pesticide and Bee Mortality
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agricultural industry - Part II-A - Bee mortality
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agro-industry - Part II-B - Bee mortality
-) Water bugs also fall victim to bee-killing pesticides
-) Wageningen University, errand boy of the agricultural industry - Part III - Dairy industry

Make the Netherlands edible!

Edible Netherlands believes in access to local, healthy and fresh food for everyone. Food that has grown with respect for people and the earth. Edible Netherlands wants to inspire, support and motivate people to get started with making the Netherlands more edible.

Be inspired by the website the people in these 2 TED talks who have already started growing their own food in the neighborhood and see the positive effects that this entails.

Then start growing fresh, healthy and local food where you live. It doesn't matter how big or small the project is. For example, plant some sprouts in the windowsill behind the window, start an easy vegetable garden (also possible on your balcony or roof) or start a food forest with 7 different layers of edible plants to improve the neighborhood.

Would you like to know how to get started yourself or do you need tips when rolling out your project? Ask the combined facebook group of Edible Netherlands, Permaculture and Transition Towns, with more than 2000 members for practical advice!

Below is a series of informative and practical articles to give an impression of what is possible to start making the Netherlands more edible yourself.

-) Window gardening
-) The easy vegetable garden (also applicable on a balcony or a roof)
-) From lawn to vegetable garden (photo series)
-) The herbal spiral
-) The edible woodland garden (make your local park edible)
-) The neighborhood vegetable garden (including scenario for neighborhood vegetable gardens)
-) The 10 benefits of community gardens
-) Edible city, grow / grow the revolution
-) Community gardens for all of the Netherlands
-) Practical garden inspiration
-) Urban agriculture, the most important movement of our time?
-) A farm for the future
-) Web of Life, Diversity is of vital importance
-) Dirt! The Movie: The Importance of Healthy Soils
-) Edible plants and mushrooms database
-) Trade your own edible plants together 
-) English Plants for a Future database
-) Green Gold - VPRO Backlight about permaculture
-) Permaculture in the Netherlands and surroundings
-) Permaculture, an introduction
-) Introduction to permaculture design with Geoff Lawton
-) Permaculture with Sepp Holzer 
-) Permaculture, The Global Gardener with Bill Mollison
-) Edible green deserts with Permaculture
-) Permaculture Research Institute tour
-) Permaculture Research Institute Tour, Part II
-) Permaculture, examples and inspiration

Are there any obstacles for people that make them feel unable to start yet? Please share them in the comments so that solutions can be found if necessary. All other questions are also very welcome.

(On the internet, readers have the power! They determine what information goes around the world! You may not be aware of it, but if each reader sends a link to 3 interested people, it only takes 20 steps to reach 3,486,784,401 people! Do you want to see that happen? Use your power! This piece may therefore be freely taken over by anyone on websites, blogs, or to forward to family, friends, acquaintances, colleagues, etc.). The more people would like to know this, the better. Please include the source so people can comment and / or join the discussion below if they wish.)

Related articles and information:
-) Platform Edible Netherlands

 

 

Network Edible Netherlands has started

It is recently national network Edible Netherlands has started. It is a platform under development to make the Netherlands more edible.

Edible Netherlands believes in access to local, healthy and fresh food for everyone. Food that has grown with respect for people and the earth.

Edible Netherlands wants to inspire, support and motivate people to start as local as possible to make the Netherlands more edible.

Logo of Edible Netherlands

articles
On the site you can find articles about window gardening, easy vegetable gardens (which can also be used on a balcony and flat roofs), edible woodland gardens and much more. There are also a number of inspiring videos to watch of people who have already started to make their neighborhood edible and it is clearly shown what positive effects this entails.

Overarching Network
Edible Netherlands acts as an umbrella network of a lot of local groups that are already hard at work in the Netherlands to grow food in their neighborhood. For example, there are now more than 80 local transition towns active that often have a food working group and there are also direct local edible initiatives from all over the Netherlands. People who want to get started themselves can quickly find out where people are already working locally via this platform so that they can join them if they wish.

Governments
For governments, among other things, a pdf can be downloaded with a clear overview of 10 advantages of community gardens. Many governments are currently stuck with building plots that are not being further developed and are now lying fallow without function or purpose. Organizing such areas into community gardens improves the neighborhood in many areas, which ultimately provides added value for the neighborhood and often reduces costs for the municipality itself.

A network in development
Edible Netherlands has only just started and is in full development. Tips and constructive comments to further develop the platform are welcome in the comments.

Related articles and information:
-) Website - Platform Edible Netherlands
-) Edible plant and mushroom database (with 400 different species)
-) Plant and seed exchange bank of and for all Dutch people

(On the internet, readers have the power! They determine what information goes around the world! You may not be aware of it, but if each reader sends a link to 3 interested people, it only takes 20 steps to reach 3,486,784,401 people! Do you want to see that happen? Use your power! This piece may therefore be freely taken over by anyone on websites, blogs, or to forward to family, friends, acquaintances, colleagues, etc.). The more people would like to know this, the better. Please include the source so people can comment and / or join the discussion below if they wish.)

 

Breeding insects

In mei 2013 verscheen er een rapport van de Voedsel- en Landbouworganisatie van de Verenigde Naties (FAO) over eetbare insecten als mogelijke oplossing in de strijd tegen het wereldwijde voedsel- en milieuprobleem. Door de stijgende wereldbevolking en wereldwijd groeiende middenklasse, komt de mondiale voedselvoorziening onder druk te staan. Vlees is voor veel mensen een belangrijke bron van dierlijke eiwitten. Door de eerdergenoemde ontwikkelingen zal de mondiale vraag naar vlees ook gaan stijgen.

Van voer naar vlees
Het probleem met de conventionele vleesproductie is dat de omzetting van voer naar vlees niet efficiënt is. Je bent redelijk veel voer nodig om vlees te krijgen. Als de vraag naar vlees stijgt, zal ook de vraag naar verschillende graansoorten stijgen wat als voer voor het vee dient. Dit betekent uiteraard dat er ook meer landbouwgrond nodig zal zijn om aan deze stijgende vraag te kunnen voldoen.

Onderzoekers hebben in 2003 berekend dat je voor 1 kg hoogwaardige dierlijke eiwitten, vee dient te voeden met 6 kg plantaardige eiwitten. Uit een Amerikaans onderzoek uit 2002 blijkt dat een gemiddeld Amerikaans vleesproductiesysteem voor 1 kg levend kip 2,5 kg voer nodig heeft. Voor varkens is dit 5 kg voer en voor rund 10 kg. Bij insecten ligt deze verhouding gunstiger. Om een voorbeeld te geven: voor 1 kg krekels is 1,7 kg voer nodig.

Wordt het eten van gefrituurde zijderupsen in de toekomst normaal?

Culturele invloed
In de westerse cultuur is het eten van vlees de norm. Het eten van insecten wordt al gauw als iets merkwaardigs of als iets smerig beschouwd. Er heersen hardnekkige vooroordelen waardoor mensen niet snel insecten zullen gaan eten.

Waarom is het eten van insecten in de westerse cultuur nooit populair geworden? Het is een gedachte dat doordat vee, naast de productie van vlees, ook andere voordelen hadden; het houden van insecten nooit populair is geworden. Enkele uitzonderingen, als het houden van bijen, nagelaten. Het houden van vee heeft als voordelen dat je melkproducten kunt maken, het kan worden gebruikt als transport en dat je bijvoorbeeld wol hebt.

In andere delen van de wereld spelen deze vooroordelen met betrekking tot insecten niet of minder. Het eten van insecten (ook wel entomofagie genoemd) is daar onderdeel van de cultuur of religie. Insecten worden er als een delicatesse beschouwd of als normaal onderdeel van het dagelijks eetpatroon. Inheemse gemeenschappen in bijvoorbeeld Peru, Bolivia en Nigeria eten insecten. Hierbij moet worden gedacht aan mieren, kevers, termieten, krekels en sprinkhanen. In Thailand is gefrituurde sprinkhaan een lekkernij. Het is een schatting dat wereldwijd 2 miljard mensen regelmatig insecten eten.

Insectenhouderij of insectenkwekerij
Een mogelijke grootschalige vernieuwing is om insecten te gaan houden, zoals het nu normaal is om vee te houden. Of beter gezegd: insecten te kweken. De gekweekte insecten kunnen dan worden gebruikt als voer voor andere dieren of voor menselijke consumptie. Overigens gebeurd dit al op kleine schaal. In ons land zijn al insectenkwekerijen te vinden waar bijvoorbeeld meelwormen of sprinkhanen worden gekweekt. Ook is er al een brancheorganisatie voor insectenkwekers: de Verenigde Nederlandse Insectenkwekers (Venik).

Source
Edible insects, Food and Agriculture Organization

English