'Nuclear explosions on Mars demonstrated'

According to plasma physicist John Brandenburgassociated with a NASA affiliate, multiple nuclear explosions occurred on Mars around 180 million years ago. To what extent is his evidence correct, and are these alleged nuclear explosions of natural or artificial origin?

Mars ravaged by nuclear war?
Mars is a barren wasteland right now. The scarce water on Mars is like ice on the polar caps and in thick layers of permafrost in the bottom. Billions of years ago it was different. Mars was covered by shallow oceans and had a climate similar to the Earth's polar regions today. Rocks have been found in several places on Mars that look a lot like fossil stromatolites, a rock formed by bacteria. It is therefore not implausible that, billions of years ago, primitive, unicellular life existed on Mars.

John Brandenburg continues. He thinks that there were technically advanced creatures on Mars, wiped out in nuclear war [1]. Extraordinary claims extraordinary evidence, as the Americans say, so we'll look at the facts at hand, and whether the nuclear war in the distant past is indeed the most obvious explanation.

The map of Mars, with the locations where nuclear explosions have taken place according to Brandenburg. Source: [3]
The History of Mars, According to Brandenburg
Contrary to the mainstream view, Brandenburg believes that Mars was not around 3.5 billion years ago, the so-called end Noachian era, but only about 0.2 billion years ago turned into the arid, anoxic wasteland of today. This would mean that biological evolution on Mars had nearly as much time at its disposal as that on Earth, and that it would in principle have been conceivable that a technically advanced species had developed. Brandenburg thinks this is true and that the “artificial” formations described by UFO adepts are not natural rock formations but the remains of an extinct indigenous civilization.
Some heavy nuclear explosions occurred on Mars around 180 to 1500 million years ago. Brandenburg concludes this on the basis of the very large amount of xenon-129 and argon-40 in the Martian atmosphere and the high concentrations of thorium and uranium, ten times those on Earth, on the surface of Mars. [2] In [2] he attributed this to a natural nuclear reactor, like the one on Earth 2 billion years ago, where now the Gabonese town Oklo was found. It would have run wild and destroyed the planet in a terrible explosion. Now he rejects his original hypothesis, because no trace of an explosion crater has been found on Mars. A natural nuclear reactor also releases much less xenon-129 than has been found on Mars. He thinks that a civilization outside of Mars caused these explosions because the high concentrations of radioactive isotopes are close to sites of supposed “alien ruins” [1]. These are also the places where minerals resembling trinite (radioactive glass, formed by nuclear explosions) have been discovered [3]. The implications of this are pretty dire. If he's right, our part of the Milky Way is dominated by an entity that isn't very fond of intelligence. Does our species face such a fate, and does this explain Fermi's paradox?

Distribution of thorium on the Martian surface. Note the two hot spots in the far north. Source: NASA

Is the hypothesis of an alien nuclear war correct?
Mainstream scientists reject Brandenburg's theories [5]. However, given his successful previous scientific career, the man cannot simply be dismissed as a crackpot and clearly knows what he is talking about, see also his comments under [5].
To blow up Mars according to Brandenburg's theory, quite a bit of radioactive material is needed. He mentioned about 0.1 cubic kilometer as a value and an amount of energy released of 1025 joule. That is a sphere of slightly more than 200 meters in diameter, resp. the amount energy which the complete sun radiates in a tenth of a second. To give an impression: that bomb would require 100 times as much uranium and thorium as can be found in recoverable reserves on Earth.
It doesn't seem very useful to deploy one or two giant hydrogen bombs. Nanotechnology or a genetically engineered virus, or a diverted comet for that matter, is equally effective against a fraction of the resources needed. We can safely assume that an alien race smart enough to cover distances of light years will choose smarter solutions. A slightly more likely scenario would be that the hypothetical Martians fought a nuclear war among themselves - the Earth's nuclear arsenal is more than enough to destroy the planet. An all-out nuclear war on Mars would have left little of the planet. This scenario, too, would require Mars to remain warm and humid for much longer than current theories indicate. Nor does this explain the hotspots.

Based on physical principles, Brandenburg's theory is quite rattling and does not seem plausible. However, the measurements on which he is relying are unquestionable and indicate that our theories about the history of Mars are incomplete and flawed on important points. He also certainly has a point regarding Fermi's paradox. There may be a deadly danger between the stars, killing germinating civilizations at an early stage. We better prepare for that as soon as possible and try to safeguard the survival of our species and our world.
Given the importance of answering these and other questions, a manned mission to Mars is desperately needed.

Sources
1. John Callaghan, Were Martians wiped out by a nuclear bomb? Physicist to present new evidence for bizarre theory at Nasa conference, Daily Mail (UK), 2015
2. JE Brandenburg, Evidence for a large, natural paleonuclear reactor on Mars, 2011.
3. JE Brandenburg, EVIDENCE FOR LARGE, ANOMALOUS NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS ON MARS IN THE PAST, 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2015
4. JE Brandenburg, Evidence of a Massive Thermonuclear Explosion on Mars in the Past, The Cydonian Hypothesis, and Fermi's Paradox, Journal of Cosmology, 2014 (copy locally stored because original article is no longer retrievable)
5. The two faces of JE Brandenburg, Pharyngula Science Blog, 2014

13 thoughts on “‘Kernexplosies op Mars aangetoond’”

  1. Venus Project

    “However, given his successful previous scientific career, the man cannot be dismissed as a crackpot”

    LoL ... Suppose the Soviets did not go clockwise after all, but through the blockade of the US and we would still have started a nuclear war. Would the Earth be very much like Mars in a few million years?

    And Mars is also located in the “goldielock zone” or just on its border. And it had oceans (water). Is the chance on Mars just as likely that intelligent life would have developed with emotions and war, just like on Earth?

    According to some calculations, there are on average per solar system at least 2 planets in a goldielock zone, and it would be teeming with life. The universe is too ridiculously big for words, so it would be narrow-minded to think we would be all alone.

    But why do we still find it scary when it turns out that there may be aliens living around the corner 100 million light years away? Why do people immediately get cramped about things like this?

    according to some scientists, the earth and mars were just 1 planet and our twin brother has (had) a lot in common with us.

    I think it is only strange that we already reject every proposal in advance, instead of seriously investigating and thinking logically.

  2. how small man is, the one who keeps us small is very successful
    by small I mean that man does not know himself, we think we are who we are and therefore we limit ourselves
    we are kept stupid, especially here on earth, you know nothing, you have to go to school to learn and that is successful we still know nothing and those who tell otherwise are laughed at and that has been happening for generations
    man is small and kept small, you are stupid, so you will never become something

    1. Can you explain exactly what you mean, Moerstaal? As far as I know, I have indicated that in my opinion there are considerable errors in the work of this gentleman.

      1. mother tongue

        There is nothing visionary about it. Someone who makes all kinds of haphazard claims. You might as well ask someone who smokes weed for their opinion.

        1. The man is not making “haphazard claims”. Those elevated Th levels and anomalous xenon-isotope ratios have actually been measured and there is not really a satisfactory scientific explanation for them. A simple calculation does show that the bomb must have been unrealistically large, and that this explanation is therefore probably incorrect.
          The hypothesis that this is the result of a nuclear war in the geological past is in principle a scientific hypothesis, which has been tested with scientific methods and, if necessary. can be forged. I think it's a rather unlikely hypothesis, but again, if the facts show it's correct, then I, and you, will have to adjust our opinion.

  3. Finally internet again after more than a month at my new address, and Visionair has now got a nice layout. As far as ET is concerned, I have to see the evidence first, but this is an interesting article. The Earth's core is red-hot because all kinds of radioactive material decays in the core. This is a direct consequence (gravity) of the greater mass of this material, (is heavier) and the fact that the Earth was rather liquid up to the surface. If the earth now collides with a large celestial body, concentrations of this material (originating from the earth's core) could possibly also be spread over the remaining surface. Mars may have already undergone something similar, with concentrations of residual material from the core subsequently reacting with each other.

  4. Today came across an article about Ceres for the umpteenth time, which constantly draws attention to the mysteriously luminous spots on the surface. In addition, the hypothetical thought took hold that Ceres may have large collections of radioactive impact material scattered over and on the surface. The so-called bright spots are always conspicuously located in impact craters. These can originate in large amounts of radioactive impact material from a direct, (asteroid ring) or even the vicinity of Mars (surface).

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